Strange Attractors Modifier
This modifier implements a number of 'strange attractors' which can produce some interesting results. A typical result might look like this with the Lorenz attractor:
The modifier's interface looks like this:
For the 'Groups Affected' and 'Falloff' and tabs and for the buttons at the bottom of the interface, please see the 'Common interface elements' page.
Please also see the 'Hints and tips' section below.
Uncheck this switch to disable the modifier.
Independent [default setting]
In this mode, particles will be affected if they come into the field of effect of the modifier. X-Particle Actions will have no effect on the modifier in this mode.
In this mode, the modifier will only act on a particle when told to do so by an Action. Until that point, the particle will not be affected, but once activated for a particular particle, the modifier will influence the particle. The modifier's effect on a particle can be halted by means of another Action, if desired.
This is a link field for an object in the scene. If used, the movement of the particles will be affected by the position and rotation of the object. You can use it, for example, to change the orientation of the generated result.
This is entirely optional and the modifier will work without a link object if one is not provided.
This drop-down lists the available types of attractor. These\s include:
You can find details of the mathematics behind these attractors on the web.
This modifier has two modes of operation, which are controlled here. The options are:
This is the default mode. Here, the modifier takes complete control of the particle movement and if you add another modifier which also influences particle speed and direction (e.g. Turbulence) you will find that it has little or no effect on the particle. If you want to see the classic shape of the strange attractor, this is the mode to choose.
In this mode the change in velocity caused by this modifier contributes to, but does not control, the final particle velocity. Adding a modifier such as Wind or Turbulence will also contribute to the final result. This is the mode to use if you want to add some other kind of movement to the particle, but it will not generate the classic attractor shape as the 'Velocity' option.
Use Preset Values
The constant values (see 'Constants (a - g)' below) have a profound effect on the result. The problem is that values which work well for one type of attractor may not work for another. If this switch is checked, whenever you change attractor type using the 'Type' drop-down, the constants will be pre-loaded with a set of values which provide a good starting point for that type of attractor.
If you don't want that to happen (i.e. you want to try the same constant values for different types of attractor) uncheck this switch.
Altering the scale will affect the size of the result. Small scales may suit some attractors while others work better with larger scales.
This is the rate of change of the parameters used by the attractor. In general the larger the delta, the faster the result is generated but the curves are coarser. Small values produce very regular curves but are slower to generate.
This option controls the blend between the current particle velocity (speed and direction) and that calculated by the modifier. If it is set to 100%, the particle's new velocity is entirely derived from the modifier. If it is set to 0%, the velocity is unchanged. Although that may not seem very useful, this setting can be keyframed or data-mapped to vary over time or with various other parameters.
Due to the way the velocity is calculated, the particle speed can become high, leading to a larger-scale simulation. This setting will prevent that by clamping the speed to the value found here, but bear in mind that clamping the speed will inevitably change the result. Large-scale patterns can look very attractive so consider removing the clamp by increasing the value (e.g. to 15000 units) and see what you get.
The default value of 1500 units is fine for most purposes, but you may need to reduce it in some cases. If you increase it, you may see a larger (possibly much larger) simulation.
The number of steps used internally by the attractor algorithm. The default value of 100 is fine for almost all cases. Even large differences in this value may only result in subtle changes, depending on the algorithm.
Constants (a - g)
Each algorithm uses a number of constant values in the calculations it performs. Changing these values may have profound effects on the final result! Negative values are possible, so you can try them, but do not always produce satisfactory results.
Hints and tips
1. The emitter
Some attractors work better with a Sphere emitter whereas some work better with an emitter on a single plane, such as a Circle. Try them both to see which results are the most satisfactory.
2. Rotating the result
If you don't like the plane of the generated result, you can change it by using an object (such as a null object) in the 'Origin' field and rotating it around one or more axes. Note that rotating the emitter itself will have little or no effect.
3. Particle speed
This is controlled by the 'Delta' value and altering the speed in the emitter or using some other modifier to change the speed will have no effect.
4. Order of operation
Like some other modifiers, such as the Follow Spline modifier, this is a 'velocity' modifier in that it takes over control of the particle's speed and direction, unlike 'force' modifiers such as 'Wind' or 'Turbulence'. Therefore, if you want to use something like a Turbulence modifier in conjunction with this modifier, you should set the 'Type' to 'Force' rather than the default setting 'Velocity'.